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Xiu-Jie Wu and Song Xing, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Erik Trinkaus, Department of Anthropology, Washington University, reported cranial abnormalities in a never before known Late Pleistocene early human skull that suggests inbreeding in early humans may have been common. The research was reported at in the open access peer reviewed journal Public Library of Science on March 18, 2013.

The Xujiayao 11 parietal bones from the Xujiayao (Houjiayao) site in northern China, display an abnormality in an adult that is an unusual perforation through the top of the brain case - an enlarged parietal foramen (EPF) or “hole in the skull” - that is consistent with modern humans diagnosed with a rare genetic mutation in the homeobox genes ALX4 on chromosome 11 and MSX2 on chromosome 5. Read more.

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    See, now I wasn’t going to reblog this story but then Olduvai made me laugh.
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    Trinkaus, you’re drunk. Go home.
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    …why am I not surprised?
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    "Because it’s a bad idea when cousins marry."—Eddie Izzard
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    Inbreeding, not only popular among backwoods rural folk, but common for early humans…