Located in the buffer zone of Cuc Phuong National Park, Con Moong Cave in Thach Yen commune, Thanh Hoa, has been known for many years as a unique archaeological site in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.
After excavation, archaeologists have demonstrated that Con Moong represents the cultural developments associated with many stages of development of ancient Vietnamese in more than ten thousand years (from 18,000 to 7,000 BC).
The highlight of the cave is that all stratas have the traces of the continuous development of human history, from the Old Stone Age to the Neolithic, from hunting and gathering to farming, before the Son Vi to the Son Vi, Hoa Binh culture and Bac Son and Da But cultures. Read more.
While it is a painful truism that brutality and violence are at least as old as humanity, so, it seems, is caring for the sick and disabled. And some archaeologists are suggesting a closer, more systematic look at how prehistoric people — who may have left only their bones — treated illness, injury and incapacitation. Call it the archaeology of health care.
The case that led Lorna Tilley and Marc Oxenham of Australian National University in Canberra to this idea is that of a profoundly ill young man who lived 4,000 years ago in what is now northern Vietnam and was buried, as were others in his culture, at a site known as Man Bac.
Almost all the other skeletons at the site, south of Hanoi and about 15 miles from the coast, lie straight. Burial 9, as both the remains and the once living person are known, was laid to rest curled in the fetal position. Read more.
The Champa Kingdom reigned over the central coast of modern-day Viet Nam between the 4th and 13th centuries.
Remnants of its culture include towers, folk songs and dances and traditional festivals.
Recently, two ancient walls were discovered by archaeologists working on the preservation of the Po Tam Tower area in Tuy Phong District, the earliest tower in the central region, ranked a national heritage in 1996.
Po Tam heritage site has six towers: two already collapsed and four have been seriously downgraded.
Researchers believe that the two 1.9m-high walls were built in the 8th century, at the same time as towers found in the rest of the area. Built out of brick, with a stone foundation, they surround a path to one of the two collapsed towers.
The discovery provided researchers with new insights into the ancient civilization said archaeologist Le Dinh Phung from the Viet Nam Archaeology Association. Read more.
BAC KAN - Traces of prehistoric man have been found at the Na Mo Cave in the northern province of Bac Kan.
Members of the Viet Nam Archaeological Institute and the Bac Kan Museum have been excavating the area for possible prehistoric remains since early June.
Na Mo Cave is situated in Na Ca Hamlet, Huong Ne Commune, Ngan Son District. The 15m high and 500m wide cave is in the side of the limestone mountain and looks out over a large river valley. Most of the surface of the cave can get sunlight, making it favourable for habitation.
Stone artefacts dating from 20,000 to 10,000BC have been found in the cave, including simple working tools made from pebbles found in the river nearby. They have characteristics of tools dating back to the Hoa Binh Culture.
Archaeologists have also found pottery objects made by hand and decorated with designs. Traces of cooking fires were also found, along with thick coal seams and burned red soil. A large quantity of animal teeth and bones and the snail and oyster shells were also discovered. Read more.
The discovery of what’s believed to be the oldest toilet in Vietnam has scientists hopeful that much will be learned about ancient culture in the area.
The discovery of a 3500-year-old Vietnamese toilet could yield important clues about early South-East Asian society, scientists say.
Archaeologists have found what is believed to be Vietnam’s earliest latrine during the excavation of a neolithic village in the country’s south.
More than 30 preserved faeces from humans and dogs containing fish and shattered animal bones have been located in the five-metre tall ancient mound called Rach Nui.
“A detailed analysis of these will provide a wealth of information on both the diet of humans and dogs at Rach Nui but also on the types of parasites each had to contend with,” Australian National University team leader Dr Marc Oxenham said in a statement. Read more.
HANOI, Vietnam — The search for U.S. servicemen missing from the Vietnam War was given a boost Monday when the Vietnamese government told visiting U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta it would open three previously-closed sites to permit excavation for remains.
The announcement came as Panetta and Vietnam Defense Minister Phung Quang Thanh exchanged long-held artifacts collected during the war — including letters written by a U.S. soldier who was killed that had been kept and used as propaganda, and a small maroon diary belonging to a Vietnamese soldier. A U.S. service member took the journal back to the U.S.
Military officers briefing Panetta at the command’s office said they had five to seven years to complete their excavation work in the previously restricted areas. The acidic soil in Vietnam erodes bones quickly, leaving in many cases only teeth for the military teams to use to try and identify service members, one of the team members said. Read more.
HA NOI – An animal skeleton found at the Nam Giao worshipping platform in Thanh Hoa central province is believed to be the first such discovery in the history of archaeology in Viet Nam.
The undamaged buffalo skeleton was uncovered by Vietnamese archaeologists at the Ho Citadel in Vinh Loc Commune.
Vu The Long, of the Viet Nam Institute of Archaeology, said the find was a big surprise for scientists as nothing similar had been found at the worshipping platforms of different dynasties across the country.
The fact the buffalo skeleton was buried directly underneath the biggest surrounding wall of the Nam Giao platform led scientists to believe it was sacrificed when Royal Mandarin Ho Quy Ly ordered the platform built in 1402, Long said.
The buffalo was sacrificed and then buried underneath the platform wall, he said.
After scientific research, the skeleton will be restored for display at the Ho Citadel, which was recognised as a World’s Cultural Heritage last year by UNESCO. – VNS (source)
In 2004, Vietnam’s My Son Sanctuary — imperiled at the time by Vietnam War damage, illegal looting, deterioration from exposure, overall decay, and vegetation overgrowth — became the focus of a GHF [Global Heritage Fund] project. After successful efforts to support urgently needed stabilization, archaeological documentation, planning, site conservation and training, My Son was declared a “Completed Project” in 2006.
But no cultural heritage site, no matter how well preserved or protected, is ever completely free from threats. At My Son, in particular, skyrocketing tourism as a result of increased popularity and accessibility has put pressure on the ancient temples, especially during peak visiting times.
According to a recent report by VietNamNet, the number of tourists to My Son has soared from only 27,104 in 1999 — the year it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List — to 209,032 in 2011. Read more.