The Oracle at Delphi is referenced throughout Greek myths and history. Supposedly she was rendered psychic by Apollo. Realistically, she was off her skull on gas that seeped out of the fissures of the temple in which she lived. Here is the scientific explanation for what caused this woman to utter her confused prophecies.
Even during the Oracle at Delphi’s time, it was widely known that the Oracle’s visions had a practical cause. Gas seeped out of the cracks in the cave where she sat, causing her to talk nonsense. This nonsense would then be interpreted by priests around her. Some of the predictions were surprisingly accurate, according to legend. Croesus, the richest man of his time, performed a kind of scientific test on oracles, when he had messengers go out to all of them and ask what he would be doing on a certain date. Read more.
2,000-Year-Old Greek God Mosaic Discovered in Rome
Archaeologists in Rome have unearthed a large and fine wall mosaic of the Greek god Apollo, dating from the second half of the first century after Christ, near the Colosseum, Rome’s city council announced in July. The building where the mosaic was found is believed to be holding many such architectural delights. Depicting Apollo and the Muses, the mosaic is linked thematically to wall paintings discovered in 1998, representing a philosopher and a Muse of an architectural background.
2 AD Statue of Greek Mythical Hero Hercules Discovered in Israel
A marble statue of Hercules is displayed at an Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) building near Nahalal in northern Israel on Aug. 17. The half-meter marble statue of Hercules, a Greek and Roman demigod, was unearthed in the Jezreel Valley in Israel, the IAA announced in August. It said the statue, from the second century, is of “exceptional artistic quality” and was uncovered during excavations at Horvat Tarbenet, which was a Jewish settlement a century later. Hercules, son of the god Zeus, was one of the most famous mythological heroes of ancient Greece, the strongest demigod in the world, and a symbol of power, courage, and superhuman strength. Read more.
ROME — Excavations in the bowels of an ancient Roman hill have turned up a well-preserved, late 1st century wall mosaic with a figure of Apollo, nude except for a colorful mantle over a shoulder.
Archaeologists and city officials unveiled the recent find to reporters Friday on the Oppian Hill.
The mosaic-covered wall is 16 meters (53 feet) wide and at least 2 meters (6.6 feet) high. Officials think the wall continues down some 8 meters (26.5 feet) more.
Archaeologists say the wall appears to be in a tunnel built to help support Trajan’s Baths, named for the emperor who ruled from 98 till 117. The mosaic, which also depicts a Muse, apparently embellished a room where wealthy Romans gathered to hear music and discuss art. (source)
Bulgarian archaeologists have discovered 30 bronze coins with images of Ancient Greek god Apollo dating back to the 4th-3rd century BC.
The discovery was made during excavations on the St. Marina hill near the Black Sea town of Sozopol, Burgas24 reported.
The bronze coins feature Apollo’s head on one side, and on the other – Apollo sitting on an omphalos – an ancient religious stone artifact considered the center of the universe.
The coins, which are typical of the Hellenic Age, have been found in the remains of a villa from the 4th-3rd century BC outside of the Greek polis of Apollonia, today’s Sozopol. The villa is the first such archaeological structure outside the polis. Read more.