ARCHAEOLOGISTS have proved for the first time that people started living in the Didcot area as early as 9,000 years ago.
Oxford Archaeology has been excavating land at Great Western Park, where more than 3,300 homes are being built, to detail the site’s history.
The two-and-a-half-year dig has uncovered the remains of a Roman villa, and early Bronze Age arrowheads which will now go on display.
Rob Masefield – director of archaeology at RPS Planning, which is managing the investigation – said one of the most important discoveries was hundreds of flints dating back over 9,000 years to the Mesolithic period.
He said: “There might have been one or two finds from the Mesolithic period in the past but they have not been scientifically dated in such a significant way before – these were working flints used around campfires about 9,000 years ago. Read more.
An archaeological excavation is well underway on the banks of the Puce River after aboriginal items that may be 1,000 years old were found in preparation for the expansion of County Road 22.
The items, including arrowheads and pieces of pottery, were discovered last December on the banks of the Puce River near the County Road 22 bridge.
“The artifacts that initially were found were projectile heads, or arrowheads, as well as clay pottery,” said Essex County’s engineering contracts manager Peter Bziuk.
“There were fragments of pottery that date back to the late woodland period. There’s a wide range for that period, but it’s approximately 1,000 years old.” Read more.
Rocks carved into ancient stone arrowheads or into lethal tools for hurling spears suggest humans innovated relatively advanced weapons much earlier than thought, researchers in South Africa say.
The researchers’ finds, partially exposed by a coastal storm, suggest ancient peoples were capable of complex forms of thinking, scientists added.
“These people were like you and I,” researcher Curtis Marean, a paleoanthropologist at Arizona State University in Tempe, told LiveScience.
Modern humans originated in Africa about 200,000 years ago, but when modern human ways of thinking emerged remains controversial. For instance, some researchers note that the first signs of complex thought such as art appeared relatively late in history, suggesting that genetic mutations linked with modern human behavior occurred as recently as 40,000 years ago. Other scientists argue that modern human thought originated much earlier but that the evidence was largely lost to the rigors of time. Read more.
ASPEN — Pitkin County commissioners meetings are rarely a setting that elicits “oohs” and “ahhs” — unless the board members are touring a site where scores of arrowheads and other projectiles and tools have been discovered.
The five commissioners and a sizable contingent walked undeveloped land owned by David Brown and Jody Anthes on Thursday and saw the impressive array of archaeological artifacts for themselves. Melissa Elkins, an archaeological consultant for the landowners, described why the find is significant.
“It’s definitely a bigger prehistoric site,” Elkins said. “The fact that there are a lot of tools suggests there were a lot of people here.”
While scores of artifacts are visible, similar to pottery shards at Anasazi sites in Utah, hundreds more might be covered by vegetation or buried, Elkins said. Read more.
A Fayette County man charged with damaging national park property in an attempt to excavate Native American artifacts pleaded guilty to the one-count count information in U.S. District Court Wednesday.
Randy Lee Hamm is charged with the misdemeanor of unauthorized excavation and could face the maximum penalty of a one-year prison sentence or a $100,000 fine when he is sentenced Nov. 2.
According to the plea agreement, parties have reached a disposition agreement of probation for up to one year. This agreement does not represent the final sentence, however.
Hamm originally pleaded not guilty in an Aug. 9 arraignment hearing and a trial was set for Oct. 11.
His charges stem from an April 2010 excavation at the New River Gorge National River Park. According to the plea agreement, Hamm started his excavation at the Indian Rockshelter around 7 a.m., looking for arrowheads, pieces of flint and other artifacts that he knew were approximately 3,000 years old. Read more.
Archaeologists from the Gumilyov Eurasian National University have found a mound, presumably dating back to the Iron age. The tomb of Sarmatian warrior is located near the village of Aidarly in the Akmola region. In the mound, archeologists also found arrowheads, knives, an iron belt badge, ceramic vessels and the bones of sacrificial animals.
Sergazy Saken, Archeological Expedition Leader:
- The body of the middle-class warrior is place with its head towards the south which is peculiar for Sarmatians and dates back to 3rd or 4th centuries BC. The artifacts found in the tomb were placed near the body with two vessels near the head and one vessel near the feet. Here, you can see the peculiarities of the grave artifacts. On the left, you can see earrings but in that time, they were wearing earrings in ears.
Back in 1991, archaeologists unearthed the frozen body of a man who died some 5,300 years ago in the Alps.
Nicknamed Otzi, for his resting place in the Ötztal Alps, the “Iceman” was outfitted with a copper ax, flint knife and bearskin hat, a surprise to archaeologists because they all were so well-crafted. His bow and 12 arrows, two of them nicely feathered and tipped with flint points, were likely less surprising, because they nicely fit with the then-current story of the bow and arrow’s origins.
“The invention of the bow and arrow used to be closely linked to the late Upper Paleolithic (Stone Age) in Europe,” less than 30,000 years ago, says anthropologist Marlize Lombard of South Africa’s University of Johannesburg, in a study in the current Journal of Archaeological Science.
Last year, however, Lombard and her colleagues reported in the journal Antiquity, that arrows were around at least 64,000 years ago, and were first discovered not in Europe, but in South Africa. A single quartz arrowhead, bloodstained, had turned up at the Sibudu Cave site, dating to that time. In the new Journalof Archaeological Science study, Lombard reports more arrowheads and more evidence pushing back the age of the bow and arrow. Read more.
On October 7, 1766 a British explorer observed “the largest and best built” Indian town he had ever seen in what is presumed, based on subsequent historical accounts, to be modern-day Sauk City.
According to Jonathan Carver’s account, he saw 90 lodges arranged along organized streets with acres of crops adjacent to them. In pioneer Edmond Rendtorpff’s account of his arrival in Sauk Prairie, he wrote that the area was littered with deer bones, glass neck pearls, arrowheads and Indian graves.
Because the precise location of this long-lost town of the Sauk Indians is unknown and because two sets of old human remains were uncovered in the early 1900s in the village, Sauk City is now a state-recognized archaeology site unofficially named “The Great Town of the Saukies.” Read more.