A Bulgarian team of archaeologists have discovered well-preserved remains of a Roman bath in the ancient Bulgarian town of Sozopol.
The news was revealed by National Museum of History director Bozhidar Dimitrov.
“The team, led by Sozopol Archaeology Museum director Dimitar Nedev has made the discovery as part of its digs in the area in front of Sozopol’s fortress walls,” said the historian.
According to Dimitrov, the thermae building is 18 meters long and features an intricate water supply systems as well as numerous pools of various sizes.
“Except for Roman baths in Hissarya and Varna, this is the best-preserved Roman bath in Bulgarian lands,” added he. Read more.
Bulgarian archaeologists announced two major finds at the close of the 2012 excavation season, and hope to obtain state and other financial support to shed more light on the life and culture of the early Balkan civilizations.
Vasil Nikolov, former head of the country’s National Archaeology Institute, unearthed Europe’s oldest urban settlement near Provadia, 50 kilometres west of Varna on the Black Sea, which is dated between 4700 and 4200 BC.
The site is more than 100 metres in diameter, is encompassed by a 3-meter high stone wall and has two-story structures housing nearly 350 residents.
The settlement is one part of a much larger complex from the same period, which includes a salt production unit, a sanctuary and a necropolis. Read more.
Bulgarian archaeologists have found a unique gold Thracian treasure in the famous Sveshtari tomb.
The team, led by one of the most prominent Bulgarian experts on Thracian archaeology, Prof. Diana Gergova, from the National Archaeology Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BAS, made the discovery during excavations at the so-called Omurtag mount.
The researchers found fragments of a wooden box, containing charred bones and ashes, along with a number of extremely well-preserved golden objects, dated from the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd century B. C.. They include four spiral gold bracelets, and a number of intricate applications like one which shows the head of a female goddess adorned with beads, applications on horse riding gear and a forehead covering in the shape of a horse head with a base shaped like a lion head. Read more.
Bulgarian archaeologists have stumbled upon a unique lion head stone sculpture from the times of the Trojan War.
The discovery has been made in the so-called Womb Cave in the Eastern Rhodopes.
It was German ornithologists who initially discovered the sculpture, local media inform. They stumbled upon the artifact while studying the behavior of local birds and subsequently handed it over to Bulgarian experts.
The sculpture has been dated to the Late Bronze/Early Iron Age, or approximately 2nd/1st century BC.
The lion was an extremely important power symbol at that time, archaeologist Nikolay Ovcharov has pointed out, reminding its symbolic use in Homer’s Iliad.
According to Ovcharov, the sculpture was used in a Thracian fertility rite.
At the beginning of each year, Thracian kings went in similar caves to commit animal sacrifices, he said.
The stone sculpture will be shown in the Regional Historical Museum in the town of Kardzhali. (source)
Sozopol. Bulgarian archaeologists discovered a necropolis of ancient Apollonia in the coastal town of Sozopol, Director of the Museum of History in Sozopol Dimitar Nedev announced for FOCUS News Agency.
In Nedev’s words, the burial was found in the northern part of the narthex of the three-naved basilica under the levels of the two churches.
“The situation is the following: two churches – one from VI and another from the VII century, with equal period of construction, and another one of the X century, existing until XVII century. In the outlines of the northern part of the narthex, we found the beginning of the level of ancient Apollonia and it is of the earliest period. A burial of a young woman was discovered – with only one utensils for scents, and the woman was pregnant, probably died during the pregnancy,” Nedev explained. Read more.
Bulgarian archaeologists have discovered a Thracian settlement during the first ever excavations in the town of Tsarevo on the southern Black Sea coast.
The team is led by Milen Nikolov, an archaeologist from the Regional History Museum in the Black Sea city of Burgas.
The settlement is very close in location to the town church “Uspenie Bogorodichno.” The find proves that Tsarevo and nearby areas have a history more ancient that what was believed until now.
During the excavations, the archaeologists have found remnants showing that as early as the 4th – 5th century BC Thracians have built a town that existed until the 1st century AC.
Nikolov explains the discovery is a 2 500-year history rewind, saying the finds further include a four-wick lamp, tomb gifts, and a number of vessels. (source)
A Bulgarian Herculaneum, named Akra, has been discovered by archaeologists on the Akin cape, near the town of Chernomorets on the southern Black Sea coast.
The information was reported by the Director of the National History Museum, NIM, Bozhidar Dimitrov, speaking in an exclusive interview for the online edition of the Bulgarian 24 Chassa (24 Hours) daily.
The historian says that the settlement had been destroyed by an Avar invasion.
Ivan Hristov, who leads the archaeological team and is a Deputy of Dimitrov, is continuing excavations on the cape, where a unique for the Bulgarian Black Sea coast underwater district with remnants from an early Byzantine fortress have been found. The fortress, initially believed to be named Krimna, dates from the end of the 5th century A.C.
According to Hristov, the fire set by the Avars, in some way sealed the finds into the earth, similarly to the lava from Vesuvius sealing Pompeii. The heavy tile roofs collapsed preserving everything underneath. Read more.
Bulgarian archaeologists have found a church dating back to the late Antiquity period, which is located near the village of Sarafovo, on the Black Sea coast.
The site, which is close to the Bulgarian Black Sea city of Burgas, has been excavated by the team of Prof. Dr. Lyudmil Vagalinski, who is the Director of the National Archaeology Institute and Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, since the start of May 2012.
“We can safely say that we have found a small church. Initial evidence allows us to date it back to the 4th-6th century AD,” Prof. Vagalinski explained as cited by Darik Radio.
The excavations at Sarafovo (a village also known for hosting a military airfield) began after over the winter the sea waves uncovered parts of a Roman structures – a residential building with a sewage system, whose existence has been suspected by Bulgarian archaeologists since the 1970s. Read more.