Archaeological News

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Posts tagged "human remains"

HUMAN remains believed to belong to three of Oliver Cromwell’s soldiers have been unearthed during redevelopment work at James Green.

The discovery was made in recent days and the remains are now being examined by an archaeologist, Patrick Neary.

“The heads of seven of Cromwell’s men are believed to be buried there. They were killed near Ballinakill in Co Laois in 1642 and their heads were hung from the Market Cross in Kilkenny on the next market day and later buried. To date we have found what we believe are two severed heads belonging to the soldiers ,” he said.

This was at the beginning of Cromwell’s tenure and although Cromwell himself had yet to arrive in Ireland seven men (two officers and five soldiers), who were part of the English government forces were killed when they took on the Confederates. Read more.

SAN CRISTOBAL, Mexico (AP) — A representative of Mexico's main anthropology agency says the remains of 167 people found in a cave in the country’s south were part of a pre-Hispanic cemetery dating back some 1,300 years.

The Chiapas state prosecutor’s office said authorities found the remains on Friday on the Nuevo Ojo de Agua ranch in a region where Central American migrants pass through while heading north. Local farmers had first come across the cave last week and had alerted authorities.

Emilio Gallaga of the national anthropology institute says the first test results show the remains come from a still-unspecified pre-Hispanic community dating to the eighth century. He says clay artwork that could have come from a pre-Hispanic group was also found in the cave. Read more.

Human remains believed to be more than 800 years old have been discovered at York Minster.

The body was found by archaeologists during routine work to build a new lift-shaft in the Minster’s Undercroft.

It is the first time for 40 years that archaeologists have been permitted to work at the cathedral.

The lift-shaft is being constructed as part of the £10.5m York Minster Revealed project due to be completed in May 2015.

The Very Reverend Keith Jones, Dean of York, said he hoped the discovery would provide new insights into the earliest years of York Minster.

Dean Jones added: “York Minster’s walls have been witness to centuries of human life and I feel sure that archaeologists are likely to encounter even more human burials during their three-week tenure. Read more.

New technology tested on possum teeth enamel may help Waikato University researchers to pinpoint the origins of Maori human remains.

Te Papa Museum in Wellington has been responsible for the country’s international repatriation efforts since 2003. It holds hundreds of bone fragments, and has recovered about 85 toi moko (preserved heads) from foreign institutions.

On Monday, Te Papa will receive 20 toi moko in a Paris ceremony and on Thursday will formally welcome them home to New Zealand.

The scrupulous records of some colonial collectors have made it relatively easy for some pieces to be reburied.

However, in other cases, grave robbers left no clues and research-ers have to trawl through ships’ logs and other records for leads and to piece together journeys. Complicating matters is that slaves’ heads were used and regional patterns in tattoos do not provide a reliable guide to origins. Read more.

PHOENIX — Saying what was taken from its lands belongs to it, the nation’s largest Native American tribe wants to force the National Park Service to return and rebury the human remains exhumed in prior years from Canyon de Chelly.

In a lawsuit filed last week in federal court, attorneys for the tribe said the 1933 law establishing the national monument gave the federal government the power to administer the lands in northeast Arizona. And they said the tribe did not give up its title to the land.

“By agreeing to the establishment of the Canyon de Chelly National Monument, the Navajo Nation Council would never have agreed, and did not agree, that the National Park Service, or any other party, was thereby allowed to exhume and carry off human remains and sacred and other cultural objects located on or in the monument,” attorneys for the tribe said.

Tom Clark, the monument’s superintendent, said efforts are being made to give back the items taken over the years, now located in the Western Archeological and Conservation Center in Tucson. Read more.

KATHMANDU, Dec 12 (Bernama) — What could well be compared to Shangri-La as envisioned by British author James Hilton in his 1933 novel Lost Horizon, recent findings of human history dating back to over 3,000 years in the caves of Upper Mustang in western Nepal have unraveled a significant portion, if not the whole of that virgin unknown, reports China’s Xinhua news agency.

According to Monday’s The Kathmandu Post, a team of national and international climbers, scientists, archaeologists, historians and anthropologists has found evidence of thousands of years of civilisation in this mystical land.

After beginning the first phase of its research in 2008, the team discovered human remains dating back to 3,000 years, bringing out untold stories of an ” independent” civilisation.

According to Mohan Singh Lama, an archaeologist with the Department of Archaeology (DoA), the findings go back to the pre- history period (before the beginning of the Christian era) when the Indus Valley and the Chinese civilisations were slowly making inroads into Nepal via present day India and the Tibetan plateau. Read more.

The remains of about 700 people buried under a former hospital in Oxford are to be exhumed as part of the site’s redevelopment.

Approval has been given for the bodies to be dug up at the Radcliffe Infirmary site following a public hearing.

There are no identity records for the remains, which are thought to date from 1770 to 1855.

The University of Oxford, which owns the site, said the bodies will be reburied in consecrated ground.

Redevelopment of the site has already started with a new mathematical and humanities building as well as a new school of government and a health centre.

Archaeologists will remove the remains and hope they will reveal important historical information. Read more.

Earlier this year, archaeologists from the Archaeological Superintendence of Emilia-Romagna in Italy uncovered a pyramid of human remains in a crypt beneath the church of the Conversion of St. Paul the Apostle in the small and chilly Apennine mountain town of Roccapelago.

Bodies of adults, children and infants, many of them partly mummified were found in a patchwork of skin, tendons, hair, clothes, socks, caps, bags, and shrouds.

In all, the archaeologists have found 281 individuals, about one-third of which seem to have been naturally mummified. It is currently not precisely known when the mummies date to as the church was in use as a burial ground from the mid 16th to the late 18th centuries. What is clear however is that these were ordinary people from the area  as they were “vestivano alla montanara” – dressed for the mountains -  in linen, cotton and wool with none of the silk, lace or rich clothing of the well off. Read more.