Archaeological News

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Posts tagged "indians"

SYDNEY — Ancient Indians migrated to Australia and mixed with Aborigines 4,000 years ago, bringing the dingo’s ancestor with them, according to new research that re-evaluates the continent’s long isolation before European settlement.

The vast southern continent was thought to have been cut off from other populations until Europeans landed at the end of the 1700s, but the latest genetic and archaeological evidence throws that theory out.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, reported “evidence of substantial gene flow between Indian populations and Australia about 4,000 years ago”.

They analysed genetic variations across the genome from Australian Aborigines to New Guineans, Southeast Asians, and Indians, including Dravidian speakers from the south. Read more.

After human remains were unearthed near the $1-billion Genesis project 200 miles east of L.A., the Colorado River Indian Tribes are demanding that the Obama administration slow down on solar plants in the Mojave Desert.

The Feb. 27 letter from the chairman of the Colorado River Indian Tribes was pleading and tough. It asked President Obama to slow the federal government’s “frantic pursuit” of massive solar energy projects in the Mojave Desert because of possible damage to Native American cultural resources.

The Obama administration didn’t respond. But four days after Chairman Eldred Enas sent the letter, the Indians say they found an answer, delivered by spirits of the desert.

Howling winds uncovered a human tooth and a handful of burned bone fragments the size of quarters on a sand dune in the shadow of new solar power transmission towers. Indians say the discovery is evidence of a Native American cremation site not detected in Southern California Edison’s archaeological survey before the towers were built. Read more.

PAULSBORO — Archeologists dissected the Paul property here this week, making sure the planned library expansion wouldn’t disturb any ancient artifacts.

The archeological process began with in-depth paper research by Burlington’s URS on the Broad Street property. The Paul House — the borough’s oldest home — will eventually serve as the Paulsboro’s new library. Just across the street, the current Gill Memorial library will hold the abundance of artifacts that are currently in the Paul House.

“It’s really an interesting process,” said Project Manager Dr. Walter Quint of the digs held Monday and Tuesday. Luckily, “None of what they found would stop us from building.”

Though nothing significant surfaced at the site, Quint said some broken rocks were dug up, signifying a possible Native American campground. Read more.

A handful of mud and wood has given new insight into an ancient 4,150-foot canoe canal that once connected the Gulf of Mexico to Naples Bay.

Now, archaeologists want to excavate part of the canal, which has been filled in since the 1920s, on property owned by the city of Naples, Bob Carr, executive director of the Archaeological & Historical Conservancy in Davie, said Wednesday.

“We hope to look carefully at the canal,” Carr said. “We have big ideas, possibly opening an area where tourists can see the excavation and having a marked Naples Canal trail. This would be good for tourism and science.”

Before the arrival of Europeans in the early 16th century, Indians built a series of canals in South Florida, including a 2.5-mile canal that connects Pine Island Sound to Matlacha Pass through Pineland and a 7-mile canal system at Ortona.

All of South Florida’s canals from that era were built to facilitate trade. Read more.

For 15 years, hordes of shoppers have streamed into the Wal-Mart Supercenter in Canton. 

The hilltop along I-575 is a prime commercial location in Cherokee County, a fast-growing community with one foot in metro Atlanta and another in the North Georgia mountains.

What few customers know is they are walking on land that was a hub for Native American life for 10,000 years. At different times, the patch of high ground overlooking the Etowah River has been a village, a fort, a trading center and, finally, home to a cluster of Cherokee families desperately trying to co-exist with the white man.

During the summer of 1995, a large crew of archaeologists and their assistants unearthed a trove of artifacts that told a story of the land’s ancient inhabitants. The property, known as the Hickory Log Site, yielded 48 graves and thousands of artifacts that filled 120 boxes. The discovery offered one of the most detailed looks ever at the life of Native Americans in North Georgia. Read more.

In dozens of camps along Lake Coeur d’Alene and the Spokane River, Coeur d’Alene Indians used stone tools to pound and grind meat, berries and roots. The handmade tools would be left in the water, where they would continue to be shaped by its flow.

Dozens of the tools were used by Indian families on the tribe’s aboriginal lands dating to ancient times, said Cliff SiJohn, the Coeur d’Alene Tribe’s cultural awareness director. Since the tribe stopped using the lands, numerous artifacts have been picked up by visitors and kept as souvenirs, he said.

Two such items recently were returned to the tribe by a Spokane Valley woman who said the artifacts had been in her husband’s family for more than 80 years. Read more.

Exactly 100 years ago, a starving Indian who spoke no recognizable language was captured near an Oroville slaughterhouse.

Here’s how The Bee described the incident in its Aug. 29, 1911 edition: “Wild Man Caught In Suburbs of Oroville – Evidently Last of Savage Tribe of Deer Creek Indians.”

The Indians – members of the Yahi and Yana tribes – had been massacred in 1865, 1866 and 1871. A few survivors hid out near Mill Creek east of Red Bluff.

Sheriff’s deputies fed the rangy, famished native doughnuts and beans – he preferred doughnuts – and turned him over to San Francisco anthropologists T.T. Waterman and Alfred Kroeber, who called him “Ishi,” meaning man in Ishi’s Yahi dialect.

Today, the California Museum unveils a new exhibit honoring Ishi, California’s most famous and misunderstood Indian. Read more.

MARIEMONT – To the untrained eye, there’s nothing special about the earthen hump that runs for hundreds of feet alongside picturesque Miami Bluff Drive and curves down along the edge of the woods toward the Mariemont Swimming Pool.

At certain points, it’s undetectable from the road because trees, honeysuckle and weeds grow on parts of it.

But to the eyes of University of Cincinnati anthropology professor Ken Tankersley, this hump is extraordinarily special.

Using modern technology, he has identified this hump as the remnants of a serpent mound built by Fort Ancient Indians between 1400 and 1800.

This serpent mound is 2,952 feet long, more than twice the length of the celebrated Great Serpent Mound in Adams County, which many believe to be the largest serpent effigy in the world.  Read more.