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Posts tagged "mexican"

Mexican cultural authorities have preserved an archaeological area with several Maya buildings more than 1,500 years old that were buried under a highway in the Yucatan peninsula.

The archaeological zone, comprised of the remains of five Maya buildings, was part of the ancient city of Oxkintok and is located on both sides of the highway, where a roadside stop has been set up so that visitors or travelers can look around, the National Anthropology and History Institute, or INAH, said.

The work to preserve the Maya buildings took more than three years and the site is located on a federal highway linking the cities of Merida - the capital of Yucatan state - and Campeche, the capital of the adjacent same-named state, INAH said in a statement.

"The said constructions are part of the great residential platforms that measure 60 meters (195 feet) long by 50 meters (163 feet) wide, over which masonry buildings and vaulted roofs were erected around a patio," said the coordinator of the achaeological salvage work, Eunice Gonzalez. Read more.

An altar and a stela estimated to date from as early as 800 B.C. were found at the Chalcatzingo archaeological site in the central state of Morelos, Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History, or INAH, said.

The altar is rectangular and covered with engravings representing rain

A few meters (yards) away from the altar was an unfinished stela standing 1.7 meters (5 feet 6 inches) tall.

The pieces are thought to have been made between 800 and 500 B.C., about the same age as another altar and a relief depicting three cats that archaeologists from INAH’s Morelos Center found at Chalcatzingo less than a year ago.

The latest discoveries came during excavations of a residential area that appears to date from the Late Classical period of the Olmec culture, A.D. 700-900, archaeologist Carolina Meza said. Read more.

MEXICO CITY — Researchers in Mexico say they have found clear evidence of blood cells and tissue fragments including muscle and tendon on 2,000-year-old stone knives.

Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History says the finding clearly corroborates accounts from later cultures about the use of sharp obsidian knives in human sacrifice.

Other physical evidence such as cut marks on human skeletons had previously offered indirect proof of the practice.

The institute said Wednesday that it took a methodical examination using a scanning electron microscope to positively identify the tissues on 31 knives from the Cantona site in the central Mexico state of Puebla. (source)

MEXICO CITY.- Parting from the reintegration of two fragments from the Northern Tableau of the Temple of the Sun Sanctuary, in Palenque, a new lecture of the glyphic text was conducted in which the name of another son of Pakal II, unknown until now, may have been mentioned.

Both sculptural fragments were recovered in 1993 by archaeologist Arnoldo Gonzalez, from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) and were recently incorporated to the Northern Tableau at the Archaeological Site of Palenque, in the Mexican state of Chiapas.

Epigraphist Guillermo Bernal Romero has interpreted the secondary text of the tableau, integrated by the pair of fragments salvaged. In a preliminary expression of the glyphs ordered in columns, the date that corresponds to September 9th 687 is mentioned, when Palenque forces broke into the city of Po’ (Tonina) “by the work” of its ruler K’inich Kan B’ahlam, firstborn child of K’inich Janaab’ Pakal, known also as Pakal II. Read more.

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) - The Maxwell Museum of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico has returned to Mexican officials artifacts believed to be of Pre-Columbian origin.

The Consulate of Mexico announced the return of the artifacts late Tuesday.

The items include beads made of shell that are estimated to be around 700 years old.

Officials say some of the items were taken about 50 years ago during an archaeological project in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Some are believed to be from two other Mexican locales. They had been donated to the museum decades ago.

The items were returned since they are considered cultural property of Mexico.

The consulate plans to hand over the items to the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which will then deliver them to the National Institute of Anthropology of Mexico. (source)

MEXICO CITY – A Mexican collector has handed over a batch of just over 200 artifacts – most of which date to between 700 A.D and 1,100 A.D. and show the development of Mayan cities in the country’s southeast – to the National Institute of Anthropology and History, or INAH.

The pieces were delivered by 76-year-old Luis Arana, whose father, Hector Arana, one of the first tourist guides in the mountainous region of Yucatan state, built the collection between 1930 and 1960, or before the founding of INAH.

Although the archaeological context in which the pieces were discovered is unknown (they were given to Hector Arana by people who found them and knew of his interest in collecting), expert Ricardo Rodolfo Antorcha said in a statement that most came from the Puuc region and belonged to the Cehpech ceramic complex.

The pieces turned over to the INAH Center in Yucatan state are believed to date to between the end of the Mayans’ Late Classic period (700-750 A.D.) and the latter stage of the Terminal Classic period (1000-1,100 A.D.). Read more.

MEXICO CITY – Mexican archaeologists have discovered in the southern part of the country a kiln used by the ancient Zapotecs to make ceramics more than 1,300 years ago, the National Anthropology and History Institute, or INAH, said.

The pre-Columbian kilm was discovered in the Atzompa Archaeological Zone in Oaxaca state, which will be opened to the public this year, INAH said in a communique.

It added that this is one of the best preserved ceramic kilns ever found in the Zapotec area, and noted Oaxaca’s long tradition in making pottery.

According to Wednesday’s communique, the kiln “is a link between the pre-Columbian pottery tradition and the artisanal ceramics currently made in the community of Santa Maria Atzompa, establishing the connection between today’s inhabitants and their ancestors.” Read more.

Elizabeth Brumfiel, a past president of the American Anthropological Association, was a widely recognized scholar in the field of feminist archaeology.

She spent more than 20 years studying Aztec culture in the Mexican village of Xaltocan, examining not only the functional and economic significance of ancient relics, but what scholars learned about changing gender roles and relations in society.

In 2007, the town presented her with the Eagle Warrior Prize — named after the highest warrior class in Aztec society — for her dedication to the Xaltocan community.

The next year, she was lead curator for “The Aztec World,” an exhibit at the Field Museum that traced the history of the last of the great Mexican civilizations through nearly 300 artifacts.

"She is one of those rare people who lived her life the way that she said that she would want to," said Cynthia Robin, a friend and colleague.

Mrs. Brumfiel, 66, a professor of anthropology at Northwestern University, died ofcancer Sunday, Jan. 1, at the Skokie branch of the Midwest Hospice & Palliative CareCenter, said her husband of 45 years, Vincent. Read more.