New evidence establishes for the first time that Cahokia, a sprawling, pre-Columbian city situated at the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi rivers, hosted a sizable population of immigrants.
Cahokia was an early experiment in urban life, said Thomas Emerson, who led the new analysis. Emerson is Illinois state archaeologist and the director of the Illinois State Archaeological Survey at the University of Illinois.
Researchers have traditionally thought of Cahokia as a relatively homogeneous and stable population drawn from the immediate area, he said. “But increasingly archaeologists are realizing that Cahokia at AD 1100 was very likely an urban center with as many as 20,000 inhabitants,” he said. “Such early centers around the world grow by immigration, not by birthrate.” Read more.
MIAMI (Reuters) - Developers building a complex that would include a high-rise hotel were told by Miami officials on Friday to redesign the plan in order to preserve remnants of what is thought to be a 2,000-year-old Native American village in downtown Miami.
The site has been described by experts as the birth place of Miami and one of most significant Native American finds in Florida.
Archaeologists discovered the Tequesta Indian site in 2005 when developers began excavating what had long been a parking lot. Since then, eight circles of holes in the limestone bedrock have been uncovered where supports for huts may once have stood. Read more.
As more Native American archaeological sites are being uncovered around the United States, the findings are posing difficult questions for the cities where they are found.
In Miami, a major prehistoric Native American village has been discovered at a downtown site where developers plan to construct a movie theater, condos and hotel building.
The discovery has pitted developers against archaeologists and historic preservationists who want the find preserved in its entirety. Developers say the public is better served by removing a portion and putting it on display while continuing with construction.
Little is still known about Native American architecture but more sites are being found with advances in technology and a better understanding of the subtle markers that remain. Read more.
They lived in America about 13,000 years ago where they hunted mammoth, mastodons and giant bison with big spears. The Clovis people were not the first humans in America, but they represent the first humans with a wide expansion on the North American continent – until the culture mysteriously disappeared only a few hundred years after its origin. Who the Clovis people were and which present day humans they are related to has been discussed intensely and the issue has a key role in the discussion about how the Americas were peopled.
Today there exists only one human skeleton found in association with Clovis tools and at the same time it is among the oldest human skeletons in the Americas. It is a small boy between 1 and 1.5 years of age – found in a 12,600 old burial site, called the Anzick Site, in Wilsall, Montana, USA. Read more.
WETUMPKA — An amateur archaeologist was testing a new metal detector in Wetumpka on Sunday when he stumbled upon what could turn out to be a Native American burial site.
Ray Camp was on private property not far from Wind Creek Wetumpka Casino trying out his new XP Deus metal detector when he made the discovery. The metal detector helped him locate a copper bracelet about four or five inches below the surface.
Then Camp realized there was bone attached to the bracelet. He also found teeth, beads and other bones in the same location.
He contacted Heath Jones, founder of the Alabama Archeometalology Historical Society, a group of archaeological and metal detection hobbyists that Camp is a member of. Read more.
BELLINGHAM, Wash. – Three summers ago the company that wants to build the largest coal export terminal in North America failed to obtain the environmental permits it needed before bulldozing more than four miles of roads and clearing more than nine acres of land, including some wetlands.
Pacific International Terminals also failed to meet a requirement to consult first with local Native American tribes, the Lummi and Nooksack tribes, about the potential archaeological impacts of the work. Sidestepping tribal consultation meant avoiding potential delays and roadblocks for the project’s development.
It also led to the disturbance of a site from which 3,000-year-old human remains had previously been removed — and where archeologists and tribal members suspect more are buried. Read more.
One thousand years ago, on a floodplain of the Mississippi River near modern-day St. Louis, the massive Native American city known today as Cahokia sprang suddenly into existence. Three hundred years later it was virtually deserted.
The reasons for Cahokia’s quick emergence and precipitous decline have been among the greatest mysteries in American prehistory, but new research suggests a possible cause of the city’s demise: a catastrophic flood.
A team led by Samuel E. Munoz, a doctoral student at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, reported at the 2013 conference of the Geological Society of America that their study of sediment cores from a lake adjacent to the site of Cahokia reveals calamitous flooding of the area around 1200 C.E., just as the city was reaching its apex of population and power. Read more.
SOCORRO, Texas (AP) — As Indiana Jones once said, “X never, ever marks the spot.”
That is what is making things difficult for an archaeology team as it examines the original Socorro Mission site for the remains of a Native American village, a lost cemetery or anything else that “belongs in a museum.”
The Texas Historical Commission sent the team this week to Socorro to see if the old Socorro Mission site can be expanded, and protected, by any discovery the team can make.
Tiffany Osburn, regional archaeologist for the commission, said the investigation began Tuesday and is confined to 16 acres of land where the original Socorro Mission was built in 1691. Read more.