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Posts tagged "native americans"

The federal Bureau of Land Management has unveiled another 58 parcels in southeastern Utah it proposes to lease for oil and gas development — including land in an area featuring the nation’s densest concentrations of ruins left by ancient Native Americans, spurring objections from the Hopi Tribe.

Earlier this month, tribal officials asked the agency to “defer” leasing decisions on some of the parcels among the 62,000 acres, arguing cultural resources here have yet to be sufficiently inventoried.

They fear drilling here could damage the archaeological sites around Alkali Ridge, an area 10 miles east of Blanding that the Hopi and historic preservationists want to see protected as a national monument. Read more.

The Fullersburg Historic Foundation presents “The Prehistory of Salt Creek in Cook and DuPage Counties of Northeastern Illinois” Saturday, September 13th 1:30 pm at the Oak Brook Public Library.

Join speaker, Brian Bardy, Volunteer Archaeologist and Researcher, for a media presentation illustrating archaeological site data and demonstrating hunter-gather adaptations within the Salt Creek Valley, spanning 10,000 years of occupation by prehistoric Native Americans. Read more.

LITTLE ROCK — The Arkansas Archaeological Society has received a $63,000 grant to document and return human remains and cultural objects to their native people.

The grant announced Wednesday was among $1.5 million awarded nationwide by the National Park Service under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The grants were awarded to museums, Indian tribes and Alaska native villages.

National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis says more than 10,000 Native American human remains and 1 million sacred objects have been returned to tribes and native organizations under the program.

The program requires museums and federal agencies to inventory and identify Native American human remains and cultural items in their collections. (source)

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COLLINSVILLE — An artifact recently unearthed in the metro-east may explain how Native Americans viewed their place in the universe.

The “bundle” of whelk shells and bird bones found tied together and unearthed at Cahokia Mounds by student archaeologists from the University of Bologna in Italy is unlike most discovered in the pre-Columbian settlement, said Cahokia Mounds Museum Society Executive Director Lori Belknap.

"Most of what we find are fragments of pottery shards and little bits of arrow points and things like that," Belknap said. "So 95 percent of what we find are that kind of stuff. But when we find something that represents what we think, it was actually a bundle, a sack, with things laid in there in a very specific order related to their cosmological view, that’s a pretty significant find." Read more.

For hundreds of years, Native Americans in the southwestern United States had a prolonged baby boom — which would average out to each woman giving birth to more than six children, a new study finds. That baby streak, however, ended a little before the Spanish colonized the Americas.

"Birthrates were as high, or even higher, than anything we know in the world today," said study co-author Tim Kohler, an archaeologist and anthropologist at Washington State University.

The precolonial baby boom was likely fueled by Native Americans in the region switching from a nomadic, hunter-gathering lifestyle to a settled farming way of life, Kohler said. Read more.

Archaeologists and Native Americans are clashing over Indian remains and artifacts that were excavated during a construction project in the San Francisco Bay Area, but then reburied at an undisclosed location.

Archaeologists say the burial ground and village site in Larkspur held a treasure trove of information about Coast Miwok life and should have been preserved for future study.

But The Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, which made the decision to remove and rebury the remains and artifacts, say the items belonged to their ancestors, and how they are handled is no one’s business but the tribe’s. Read more.

Genetic and environmental evidence indicates that after the ancestors of Native Americans left Asia, they spent 10,000 years in shrubby lowlands on a broad land bridge that once linked Siberia and Alaska. Archaeological evidence is lacking because it drowned beneath the Bering Sea when sea levels rose. University of Utah anthropologist Dennis O’Rourke and two colleagues make that argument in the Friday, Feb. 28, issue of the journal Science. They seek to reconcile existing genetic and paleoenvironmental evidence for human habitation on the Bering land bridge — also called Beringia — with an absence of archaeological evidence.

O’Rourke says cumulative evidence indicates the ancestors of Native Americans lived on the Bering land bridge “in the neighborhood of 10,000 years,” from roughly 25,000 years ago until they began moving into the Americas about 15,000 years ago once glacial ice sheets melted and opened migration routes. Read more.

A charity which bought 24 sacred Native American masks at a controversial Paris auction is to return them to the Hopi and Apache tribes in the US.

The US-based Annenberg Foundation said it had spent a total of $530,000 (£322,000; 385,000 euros) at the auction of masks and other artefacts.

Of the 24 masks, 21 will be given to the Hopi Nation in Arizona and three to the San Carlos Apache.

The auction of 70 similar artefacts in April caused an outcry.

The tribes had sought to block their sale and the US embassy had asked for the latest auction to be suspended. Read more.