The Pachacamac archaeological site, located about 40 kilometers southeast of Lima, has yielded some new finds.
According to Peru21, archaeologists working at the site have found two relatively well-preserved artifacts at the site: a small wooden carving depicting a female figure and a cloth covered with brightly-colored feathers.
Peru21 reports that the pieces were found by specialists who work at the Pachacamac site museum. The objects were discovered in the area of the site called Pilgrims’ Plaza.
The wooden figurine measures 8.5 centimeters long, and bears the likeness of a standing woman with her hands resting on her chest. Read more.
Archaeologists working on a Wari complex in Peru’s central Andean region of Ayacucho said they may have found 1,000-year-old mausoleums, daily Peru.21 reported.
Archaeologist Martha Cabrera said specialists have uncovered two underground galleries at the complex, which is located in the district of Quinua in the Huamanga province.
The first gallery is 15 meters long, 1.4 meters wide and about 1.75 meters tall, Cabrera said. The other gallery is about 8.5 meters long.
The archaeologist said that they found remains that suggest the complexes were collective burial sites for elite members of the Wari civilization. Read more.
Work has been completed to protect the pre-Inca adobe city of Chan Chan from heavy seasonal rains, in northern Peru.
The Ministry of Culture announced the completion of the work and said that the project, worth 169,000 soles ($60,000), began in early December and involved some 70 workers. The adobe structures of Chan Chan, located just outside of the coastal city of Trujillo, have been damaged in the past when heavy rains were brought on by a warm El Niño ocean current.
Although the Ocean Institute (Imarpe) doubts there will be an El Niño this year, even mild showers could damage some of the intricately carved walls at the site. Read more.
Archaeologists in northern Peru have uncovered human remains buried inside the walls of a pre-Inca archaeological site, challenging previously held theories about the complex, according to daily La Republica.
The remains of three people were found within stone walls of the Wiracochapampa site, which is located some 3,000 meters above sea level in the highlands of the northern La Libertad region.Archaeologists believe the site was an administrative center for the Wari culture, which settled over much of current Peru’s south-central coast and highlands from 500 AD to 1000 AD, prior to the advances of the Inca Empire. Read more.
Cranial surgery is tricky business, even under 21st-century conditions (think aseptic environment, specialized surgical instruments and copious amounts of pain medication both during and afterward).
However, evidence shows that healers in Peru practiced trepanation—a surgical procedure that involves removing a section of the cranial vault using a hand drill or a scraping tool—more than 1,000 years ago to treat a variety of ailments, from head injuries to heartsickness. And they did so without the benefit of the aforementioned medical advances.
Excavating burial caves in the south-central Andean province of Andahuaylas in Peru, UC Santa Barbara bioarchaeologist Danielle Kurin and her research team unearthed the remains of 32 individuals that date back to the Late Intermediate Period (ca. AD 1000-1250). Among them, 45 separate trepanation procedures were in evidence. Read more.
Archaeologists working at the site of an ancient town in the coastal desert of northern Peru made a surprising discovery in late August—a multi chamber tomb from the much later Chimú culture that held the remains of at least four noble musicians and weavers.
Two human sacrifices, seen in this photo, accompanied the tomb’s elite occupants into eternity.
Colored with centuries of patina, these copper crescent knives were discovered in the same chamber as the human sacrifices. They are Inca in style, with handles ending in tiny molded heads—one representing a llama, and the other a human.
Rare figurines carved from algarrobo wood were uncovered in the main chamber. Their faces are stained with cinnabar and copper; each is shown holding a flute.
This double-chambered bottle was designed to whistle as sweetly as a bird. It can be played by blowing into the spout as if it were a flute. Tipping the vessel so that liquid runs from the spout side to the bird side also produces chirps, which vary in tone depending on the volume of liquid.
The town of Olmos in the northern region of Lambayeque in Peru is saddened and bewildered after large swaths of the local Ficuar archaeological complex were destroyed by unknown parties.
Andina news agency reports that the site is 800 to 900 years old. Archaeologist Juan Ugáz Moro told Andina that the areas of the destroyed included platforms that may have been used as an administration area and patio.
According to Andina, 5,000 square meters of the Ficuar complex were destroyed, representing about 60 percent of the site’s total area. Read more.
Human-sacrifice rituals at an ancient Moche temple in Peru likely featured the killing of war captives from distant valleys, according to an analysis of bones and teeth at the site.
The human remains—mutilated, dismembered, and buried in pits—help explain territorial struggles among the Moche, who ruled Peru’s arid coast from around 100 A.D. to 850 A.D.
Debate among scholars over Moche human sacrifices has centered on the question of whether they were ritual killings of elites or of war prisoners, says archaeologist John Verano of Tulane University in New Orleans, one of the authors of the report, available online and in an upcoming issue of Journal of Archaeological Science. Read more.