According to a study published on August 20th by the science journal Nature, human remains have been collected in Peru that suggest seals are responsible for spreading tuberculosis (TB) to humans. This could explain how people living in Peru, at a time when the North and South Americas had been isolated from each other, were exposed to the infectious TB.
Origin of this disease has often been disputed. Commonly linked to Africa, it is also considered that TB was brought westward when the Spaniards came upon the New World in the sixteenth century.
Recently however scientists have studied ancient bacterial genome sequences, collected from human remains in Peru, that suggest the disease was present in the region of Peru before European contact. The National Geographic reports that Jane Buikstra, one member of the six-person team, excavated three skeletons from a southern Peru site. According to Buikstra, “their warped spines and ribs showed unmistakable signs of the disease”. Read more.
High winds and sandstorms in Peru have revealed previously undiscovered geoglyphs in the ancient Nazca Lines.
Eduardo Herrán Gómez de la Torre, a pilot and researcher, found the new shapes while flying over the desert last week, El Comercio reported.
He believes one of the geoglyphs depicts a snake 60 metres long and 4 metres wide, near the famous “hummingbird”.
A bird, camelids (possibly llamas) and a zig zag line are among the lines found etched into the ground on hills in the El Ingenio Valley and Pampas de Jumana. Read more.
30 pieces will be examined by specialists to determine their authenticity, age, and origin.
A month after confiscating a number of archaeological and historical artifacts in northern Peru, authorities have begun the process of evaluating the objects to determine their authenticity, among other things.
The pieces were confiscated from 50-year-old Justiniano Diaz Delgado, a resident of Saltur in Lambayeque. Andina news agency reports that Diaz had amassed a collection of more than 30 pieces, including ceramic objects, skulls, and spear tips. Read more.
Archaeologists undertaking investigations in the Peruvian region of Arequipa discovered a large geoglyph last December.
According to Peru21, the geoglyph is approximately 60 meters by 40 meters and is located in the province of Caylloma.
Peru21 reports that the initial archaeological investigations were performed at the request of the Consorcio Angostura – Siguas, an agroindustrial company that is executing an irrigation project in the area. Consorcio Angostura – Siguas would have ordered the investigation in order to receive a certificate from the Ministry of Culture stating that there were no archaeological sites in the area, allowing them to continue with their irrigation project. Read more.
Lima — A number of underground galleries, mausoleums, astronomical tables and human remains were found at the archaeological complex of Wari in Peru’s central Andean region of Ayacucho, reported Jose Ochatoma, lead archaeologist of the excavation project.
Research work is carried around the area, in Monqachayuq and VegachayuqMoqo sectors, where the above-mentioned vestiges were uncovered.
According to Ochatoma, such remains are from the Wari culture, the first Andean empire that then took part of the Incan dominion. Read more.
The mysterious town of Gramalote was undergoing meaningful changes, archaeologists say.
Recent excavations have allowed [archaeologists] to find a temple where, 3,500 years ago, the first fishermen of the village of Gramalote, on the sea near Huanchaquito, officiated their mysterious rituals.
It’s a rock structure located in the highest area of the town. There’s a central ceremonial patio, with steps, and what could be a platform. There is still evidence of a fire, possibly one that was left to burn for years.
Private areas were also found in the back of the temple. The interesting thing about these spaces is that they were all connected by a long hallway, and the floor was made of stone. Read more.
New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art currently houses hundreds of artifacts from the Mochica culture— and Peru wants them back.
Peruvian cultural artifacts are making their way home from all over the world— Sweden’s return of the Paracas textiles being a particularly high-profile incidence of repatriation. Now, the regional government of Piura is looking to get back 400 pieces currently housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
El Comercio reports that the pieces in question were found in the Loma Negra cemetery, an area in which a number of Mochica elite were buried. Grave robbers sacked the tombs in the 1960s, and no extensive investigation into the site has been carried out, writes El Comercio. Read more.
Researchers in Peru have announced that they have cause to believe the Incas used observatories on Machu Picchu to track the movement heavenly bodies.
El Comercio reports that a team of Polish and Peruvian investigators looked specifically at the Intimachay area of Machu Picchu, which contains a structure with a front and side window. The researchers report that Inca astronomers could have watched and tracked a number of astronomical phenomena from the area, including summer and winter solstices and the movement of the moon.
According to the investigators, Intimachay was likely a sacred space. Read more.