The first Stone Age settlement identified in Polish waters has been discovered in the lake Gil Wielki, Iława Lake District (Warmia and Mazury) by underwater archaeologists led by Dr. Andrzej Pydyn from the Department of Underwater Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń.
The discovery was made in the project carried out in cooperation with the Warsaw branch of the Scientific Association of Polish Archaeologists.
"In shallow water in the reservoir we found a large amount of animal bones, remains of tools made of antler and numerous fragments of pottery, used at various times by ancient communities. Among them, the fragments that caught our attention relate to the tradition of late Neolithic, probably associated with the so-called Corded Ware culture" - Read more.
In a sensational archaeological discovery, Stone Age implements, believed to be 200,000 years old, were found at a prehistoric site in Chhattisgarh.
The prehistoric stone implements like scrapper, points, lunate, blade, clever and burin were found scattered in an area spread over 100 acres in the village of Sahaspur under Dhumda block in Chhattisgarh’s Bemetera district by archaeologist J.R. Bhagat recently.
“Both finished and unfinished tools and debitages were found scattered throughout the site,” Mr Bhagat, who had a year ago discovered a 3,000-year-old city buried under the soil in Tarighat, nearly 30 km from here, disclosed to this newspaper on Sunday. Read more.
The 5,500 years old clay figurines found at community excavations in Vantaa, Finland in summer 2014, were recently scanned with SPECIM’s hyperspectral camera. The imaging revealed that clay in the figurines was similar to clay on the ground at the excavation site. The figurines were scanned with Fenix, the full-spectral sensor installed in the SisuROCK scanner. It is similar to the AisaFENIX, the full-spectral sensor for remote sensing.
Archaeologists’ theory that the bigger of the two figurines would have been used as an oil lamp could not be verified. Spectral signatures of seal blubber, which is still used in oil lamps by indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions, were absent from the spectral profile of the figurine. Read more.
An archaeologist from the University of Brighton is leading a dig in Tanzania in a bid to learn more about the origins of prehistoric handaxes.
James Cole will be joined by researchers from the country, as well as Wales and Gloucestershire, to take samples of sediment around the implements.
The Stone Age tools were used to butcher animals in the Iringa region.
The experts hope to accurately date the site for the first time.
They also hope to determine the age of the axes and learn who made them. Read more.
The rulers of ancient Egypt lived in glorious opulence, decorating themselves with gold and perfumes and taking their treasures with them to the grave.
New research reveals how such a hierarchical, despotic system could arise from egalitarian hunter-gatherer societies. The reasons were part technological and part geographical: In a world where agriculture was ascendant and the desert all-encompassing, the cost of getting out from under the thumb of the pharaoh would have been too high.
"There was basically nowhere else to go," said study author Simon Powers, a postdoctoral researcher in ecology and evolution at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. "That cost of leaving could basically lock individuals into despotism." Read more.
Excavations at an archaeological site at Kathu in the Northern Cape province of South Africa have produced tens of thousands of Earlier Stone Age artifacts, including hand axes and other tools. These discoveries were made by archaeologists from the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa and the University of Toronto (U of T), in collaboration with the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, South Africa.
The archaeologists’ research on the Kathu Townlands site, one of the richest early prehistoric archaeological sites in South Africa, was published in the journal, PLOS ONE, on 24 July 2014.
It is estimated that the site is between 700,000 and one million years old. Read more.
Rare archaeological findings dating back 10,000 years were unearthed during work to replace water mains in Surrey.
Work on the 2.2km pipe finished in May 2012 and it has taken two years to identify what was discovered.
A Stone Age hunting camp and a Roman villa were among finds made during the work in Cobham Road, Fetcham, carried out by Sutton and East Surrey Water.
The camp was the oldest find along items from the Bronze and Iron Ages, according to a report by researchers.
The camps is believed to have been used by hunter-gatherers to knap - or shape - flint to make or repair hunting equipment. Read more.
An international team led by researchers at Uppsala University and Stockholm University reports a breakthrough on understanding the demographic history of Stone-Age humans. A genomic analysis of eleven Stone-Age human remains from Scandinavia revealed that expanding Stone-age farmers assimilated local hunter-gatherers and that the hunter-gatherers were historically in lower numbers than the farmers. The study is published today, ahead of print, in the journal Science.
The transition between a hunting-gathering lifestyle and a farming lifestyle has been debated for a century. As scientists learned to work with DNA from ancient human material, a complete new way to learn about the people in that period opened up. But even so, prehistoric population structure associated with the transition to an agricultural lifestyle in Europe remains poorly understood. Read more.