Archaeologists have found a stone tool assumed to be an early calendar dating back 4,000 years in a cave in the northern province of Tuyen Quang.
According to Prof. Trinh Nang Chung from the Vietnam Archaeology Institute, the stone tool, with 23 parallel carved lines, seemed to be a counting instrument involving the lunar calendar.
A similar tool was found in Na Cooc Cave in the northern province of Thai Nguyen’s Phu Luong District in 1985, Chung said.
Similar items have been found in various areas in the world, including China, Israel and the UK, suggesting that people 5,000 years ago knew how to calculate the lunar calendar by carving on stones.
The stone tool was discovered in a tomb marked with 14 large stones laid at a length of 1.6m. Bones were uncovered under the stones but no skull was found, with Prof. Chung guessing that the skull may have decayed due to the humidity in the cave. A number of other stone tools were buried with the corpse, he added. Read more.
BOZEMAN, Mont. — Anthropology students are showing off a million-year-old discovery after ancient artifacts from Kenya turn up in an MSU basement.
The hand axes were made by early human ancestors and are examples of some of the oldest tool types.
They used to belong to famous paleoanthropologist Louis S.B. Leakey who, according to adjunct professor of anthropology Nancy Mahoney, “changed the way we understand human origins.”
Leakey sent the artifacts to Montana back in the fifties for special stone dating.
Two anthropology students researched how the stone tools came to the department’s teaching collection as part of an independent research course.
“She was giving the lecture when she passed around the stone tool and I was shaking when I held it because I couldn’t imagine. This was created over a million years ago and the person who made it and intended to use it looked completely different than I did and thought completely differently and it just fascinated me,” says anthropology student Betsy Garten. Read more.
The discovery of a 3,300-year-old tool has led researchers to the rediscovery of a “lost” 20th-century manuscript and a “geochemically extraordinary” bit of earth.
Discovered on Emirau Island in the Bismark Archipelago (a group of islands off the coast of New Guinea), the 2-inch (5-centimeters) stone tool was probably used to carve, or gouge, wood. It seems to have fallen from a stilted house, landing in a tangle of coral reef that was eventually covered over by shifting sands.
The jade gouge may have been crafted by the Lapita people, who appeared in the western Pacific around 3,300 years ago, then spread across the Pacific to Samoa over a couple hundred years, and from there formed the ancestral population of the people we know as Polynesians, according to the researchers. Read more.
A Stone Age hand axe which was found on a building site could help prove part of Gloucestershire was once “almost on the seaside”, experts have said.
Archaeologists uncovered the finely-worked stone tool, which may be about 100,000 years old, on a housing development in Moreton-in-Marsh.
They said they believed it may have been used by cavemen on the shores of a lake that spanned across the Midlands.
The axe is thought to have been used primarily for butchering large animals.
The tool was found by Cotswold Archaeology earlier this month on the building site at The Fire Service College.
A similar axe was found nearby a few years ago, which experts said made the latest find “hugely significant”. Read more.