Archaeological News

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Posts tagged "tunnel"

NINETY SIX, SC - Historians and firefighters are working to preserve a siege tunnel that dates back to the Revolutionary War in the South Carolina town of Ninety Six.

FOX Carolina was with crews Wednesday to take a look inside the tunnel located at the Ninety Six National Historic Site, which is the only one of its kind left in the county.

In 1781 Patriots built the tunnel with the plan to burrow underneath the British-controlled Star Fort and plant explosives.

And now in 2014, Greenwood firefighter Russel Cline climbed through the tunnel with specialized breathing equipment and support from above ground to take a look at the tunnel dug more than 200 years ago. Read more.

Italian archaeologists have discovered a hidden tunnel beneath Hadrian’s Villa near Rome, part of a network of galleries and passageways that would have been used by slaves to discreetly service the sprawling imperial palace.

The newly-found tunnel was large enough to have taken carts and wagons, which would have ferried food, fire wood and other goods from one part of the sprawling palace to another.

The villa, at Tivoli, about 20 miles east of Rome, was built by Hadrian in the 2nd century AD and was the largest ever constructed in the Roman period.

It covered around 250 acres and consisted of more than 30 major buildings.

Although known as a villa, it was in fact a vast country estate which consisted of palaces, libraries, heated baths, theatres, courtyards and landscaped gardens. Read more.

WARSAW, Poland (JTA) — Polish and Israeli archaeologists have discovered traces of an underground tunnel at the site of the former death camp in Sobibor.

The tunnel, whose discovery was announced on Wednesday, ran from one of the barracks to outside the fence of the camp. It may have been dug by the prisoners of the Sonderkommando who worked in the camp burning the corpses of murdered Jews.

The archeology work at Sobibor is directed by Wojciech Mazurek of Chelm, Poland and Yoram Haimi of Israel.

In Sobibor, Nazis murdered Jews about 250,000 Jews mostly from Poland, the Netherlands and Slovakia. The camp was closed following an uprising on Oct. 14, 1943; about half the remaining prisoners escaped during the uprising. Read more.

BRITISH archaeologists have discovered a missing tunnel at one of the most infamous German prison camp of the Second World War and unearthed a wealth of escapers’ tools and equipment sealed underground.

The tunnel, named George, was shut down in 1945, when the Prisoners of War of Stalag Luft III were led off at gunpoint by their Nazi guards as the advancing Red Army closed in.

Its location at the camp, immortalised in the Hollywood blockbuster The Great Escape starring Steve McQueen, Richard Attenborough and Donald Pleasance, remained a mystery until experts arrived in August and spent three weeks excavating the relics.

George was built by men bitter that they failed to escape through a tunnel named Harry on the night of 24 March, 1944, which had been dug by Allied PoWs at the prison. Harry and two other tunnels, named Tom and Dick, were dug beneath the feet of the Germans in what was intended to be the biggest breakout of the war, with more than 200 men set to escape. In the end, only 76 got out through Harry - and 50 of them were murdered by the Gestapo. Read more.

Archaeologists are beginning the most detailed ever study of a Western Front battlefield, an untouched site where 28 British tunnellers lie entombed after dying during brutal underground warfare. For WWI historians, it’s the “holy grail”.

When military historian Jeremy Banning stepped on to a patch of rough scrubland in northern France four months ago, the hairs on the back of his neck stood up.

The privately owned land in the sleepy rural village of La Boisselle had been practically untouched since fighting ceased in 1918, remaining one of the most poignant sites of the Battle of the Somme.

In his hand was a selection of grainy photographs of some of the British tunnellers killed in bloody subterranean battles there, and who lay permanently entombed directly under his feet. Read more.

MEXICO CITY - Researchers found a tunnel under the Temple of the Snake in the pre-Hispanic city of Teotihuacan, about 28 miles northeast of Mexico City.

The tunnel had apparently been sealed off about 1,800 years ago.

Researchers of Mexico’s National University made the finding with a radar device. Closer study revealed a “representation of the underworld,” in the words of archaeologist Sergio Gomez Chavez, of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History.

Experts found “a route of symbols, whose conclusion appears to lie in the funeral chambers at the end of the tunnel.”

The structure is 15 yards beneath the ground, and it runs eastward. It is about 130 yards long.

“At the end, there are several chambers which could hold the remains of the rulers of that Mesoamerican civilization. If confirmed, it will be one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the 21st century on a global scale,” Gomez Chavez said late Thursday. Read more.

Historic sites along the route of an underwater tube tunnel line connecting İstanbul’s European and Asian sides will be protected under a new preservation scheme.  

As part of the İstanbul Strait Highway Transit Project, Turkey’s ATAŞ Company has prepared a special plan to ensure the preservation of historical artifacts on the European side from the Cankurtaran shoreline to Haydarpaşa. So as not to share the same fate as the Marmaray Project, which has see a delay of three-and-a-half years, experts have produced a detailed archeological and historical analysis of the line. Read more.

Ground-penetrating radar was used to scan the tunnel route to ensure that no historical remnants remained. Geophysical surveys for archaeological mapping, especially in underpasses where excavation will be conducted and in areas containing cut-and-cover structures, were conducted in order to gain further information about likely archeological finds.

WORK on a flood protection scheme has unearthed a 20 metre-long hand-built smugglers cave.

A team from Southern Water made the unusual discovery while digging trenches to lay new sewers in Collier Road and nearby Priory Road last week.

Work was immediately stopped and experts from Archaeology South-East were called in and confirmed the find was likely to be a smugglers’ tunnel built in the early 18th Century and used to smuggle goods such as tea, tobacco, alcohol, silk and sugar - usually to avoid paying duty.

And, as well as the tunnel, diggers also uncovered a cannon ball and a piece of pottery from the Middle Iron Age. Read more.